C. Holland 1 Akbar and the Mughal State: The Quest for Legitimization in Hindustan Christopher P. Holland1 1 I have attended the University of Georgia and will graduating in May 2005 with a Bachelors through the Honors Interdisciplinary program. Besides their wives, they also had a number of concubines in their harem, who produced children. Many of the later Mughal emperors had significant Indian Rajput and Persian ancestry through marriage alliances as emperors were born to Rajput and Persian princesses. Where Is The Pakistani-American Doctor Who Promised To Return To ‘Naya Pakistan’? But, its use became widespread by 1617, not only among the nobility but even among the common people. Prince Khurram was given the title of Shah Jahan by his father Jahangir in 1617 after his victory over Ahmednagar. Bhimbethka in Madhya Pradesh is an ancient Indian site where art prehistoric age are found preserved in rock-shelters. The Mughal Emperor who prohibited the use of tobacco was. [14] The Marathas were unable to take the Mughal fortresses via storm or formal siege as they lacked the artillery, but by constantly intercepting supply columns, they were able to starve Mughal fortresses into submission. Prohibition of Wine done clear. The modern Indian Wine market is small but growing; annual per capita consumption of wine in the country is a mere 9 milliliters, approximately 1/8000th that of France. He was the son of Emperor Humayun. Aurangzeb Alamgir was the only Mughal Emperor who did not drink wine at all, due to his Islamic and religious principles. This makes it difficult to identify all the offspring of each emperor. Engineering. He made settlements with the Marathas, tranquilised the Rajputs, and became friendly with the Sikhs in the Punjab. Create your account. He was born in Umerkot, India. Why Jahangir banned animal slaughter. History. In 1784, the Marathas under Mahadji Scindia won acknowledgement as the protectors of the emperor in Delhi, a state of affairs that continued until after the Second Anglo-Maratha War. Which Mughal Emperor prohibited the use of tobacco? Q. Jahangir forbade the'manufacturing and sale of wine and intoxicating drugs throughout the empire. "However, after his death in 1712, the Mughal dynasty sank into chaos and violent feuds. Even though he was outnumbered 10,000 to 100,000 – just because of his military tactics and skills in the battlefield. With the support of the Islamic orthodoxy, however, a younger son of Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb, seized the throne. [7] The preoccupation with wars and military campaigns, however, did not allow the new emperor to consolidate the gains he had made in India. Finally, Aurangzeb succeeded the throne and kept Shah Jahan under house arrest. The Mughals were a branch of the Timurid dynasty of Turco-Mongol origin from Central Asia. [6], The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, a Timurid prince and ruler from Central Asia. He ordered the preparation of a Zanzir-i-Adl a chain of justice installed to hear public grievances against the high-handedness … Last Mughal Emperor. The amount of annual tribute was- … [7], Akbar's son, Jahangir, "was addicted to opium, neglected the affairs of the state, and came under the influence of rival court cliques. [7], During the reign of Muhammad Shah, the empire began to break up, and vast tracts of central India passed from Mughal to Maratha hands. The Nagbanshi ruler Raja Durjan Sal agreed to pay an annual tribute to the Mughal Emperor Jahangir in 1628. Join now. He was known as much for his inclusive leadership style as for his war mongering. C. Jahangir. Other Questions. The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, a Timurid prince and ruler from Central Asia.Babur was a direct descendant of the Timurid Emperor Tamerlane on his father's side, and the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan on his mother's side. He came from Turkistan and first he invaded Afghanistan and established himself for further invasions towards India. He also banned the use of tobacco. [3], During the reign of Aurangzeb, the empire, as the world's largest economy, worth over 25% of global GDP, controlled nearly all of the Indian subcontinent, extending from Chittagong in the east to Kabul and Baluchistan in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri River basin in the south. Mughal forces defeated by the Marathas at the. Many of the empire's elites now sought to control their own affairs, and broke away to form independent kingdoms. Answer options - Babur , Jahangir , Aurangzeb , Muhammad Shah Click here to get an answer to your question ️ q10. Which Mughal Emperor prohibited the use of tobacco? B. Babur. with and use of drugs and alcohol has unfortunately led to several misconceptions about both the Mughal world and the individuals within it. Titular figurehead under British protection. Akbar Sati was a ritual of wife burning herself on the funeral pyre of husband Mughal emperor Humayun fist banned practice of Sati but could not implement the law strictly. Aurangzeb expanded the empire to include a huge part of South Asia. 12345678910 1). A fascinating glimpse of the Mughal emperor, courtesy Parvati Sharma's new book Jahangir: An Intimate Portrait Of A Great Mughal. 1. The Mughal Emperor Shahjahan who was very fond of Constructing new buildings and Mosques during his time, he ordered to build a huge fort on the bank of River Yamuna in New Delhi. [5] Mughal power rapidly dwindled during the 18th century and the last emperor, Bahadur Shah II, was deposed in 1857, with the establishment of the British Raj. ‘Padshah-nama’ (Chronicle of the Emperor) written by Abdul Hamid Lahori, is the official visual history giving a detailed account of the reign of which of the following Mughal Emperor? In the year 1719 alone, four emperors successively ascended the throne". It became so popular till 1617 till Jahangir banned it. . [7] Humayun's son, Akbar, succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped consolidate the Mughal Empire in India. Consolidation of power by the Nawab of Bengal-Bihar-Odisha. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir. [15] After a crushed rebellion which he nominally led in 1857–58, the last Mughal, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was deposed by the British, who then assumed formal control of a large part of the former empire,[7] marking the start of the British Raj. Download App. Question Asked : UPPCS (Mains) 2005, Jharkhand PCS (Pre) 2013 In 1605, Portuguese introduced tobacco in India. The Mughal Emperor Akbar depicted training an elephant. The Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II made futile attempts to reverse the Mughal decline, and ultimately had to seek the protection of outside powers. Which courtier of Mughal emperor Akbar rebuilt the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in the 16th century ? Seeing its menace, Jahangir prohibited its consumption and banned smoking in 1618. Which Mughal Emperor prohibited the use of tobacco? Lead the Competition provides a set of multiple choice questions on Mughal rule in India. Probably the only Mughal Emperor that did not drink alcohol. Portrayals of each emperor's relationship to intoxicants has increasingly had more to do with perceptions of the successfulness of their reigns than on what is actually in the historical record. !طاہر شاہ کا نیا گانا”فرشتہ”میوزک انڈسٹری میں تہلکہ،کورونا کو بھی خطرہ. So if you’re a student of history or are keen about what happened in the times of our forefathers, well, you now have a fair idea of their appetite and ruthlessness. [14] The Hindu Marathas were expert horsemen who refused to engage in set-piece battles, but rather engaged in campaigns of guerrilla warfare, a war of raids, ambushes and attacks upon the Mughal supply lines. At its peak the kingdom stretched to 3.2 million square kilometres, including parts of what are now India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. He increased trade with European trading companies. D. Aurangzeb. Join now. SSC CGL 26 Oct 2014 Evening Shift Questions Question 95. 1. [8] The instability of the empire became evident under his son, Humayun, who was driven into exile in Persia by rebels. Mughal emperor … Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan (1627-1658), the 5th Mughal Emperor of India. [7] Although Shah Jahan fully recovered from his illness, there was a succession war for the throne between Dara and Aurangzeb. Note: The Mughal Emperors practised polygamy. The Mughal Empire was a Muslim dynasty that ruled Northern India and parts of modern Pakistan and Afghanistan. The Mughal Emperor who prohibited the use of tobacco was _____. 2. After that they declined rapidly, but nominally ruled territories until the 1850s. Their founder Babur, a Timurid prince from the Fergana Valley (in modern Uzbekistan), was a direct descendant of Timur (generally known in western nations as Tamerlane) and also affiliated with Genghis Khan through Timur's marriage to a Genghisid princess. Babur Jahanagir Shah Jahan Aurangzeb 2). Log in. Mughal warfare had always been based upon heavy artillery for sieges, heavy cavalry for offensive operations and light cavalry for skirmishing and raids. Around 1617, the Mughal emperor Jahangir prohibited the use of tobacco. H e became ruler of a small state. Which Mughal Emperor granted a Firman to the East India Company for duty free trading rights in Bengal and why? He was a connoisseur of music and a proficient Veena player.He is said to have been so infatuated with her that he gave in to her demand that he taste wine. 8. The Mughal harem is a complex amalgamation of women from different regions, different religions, diverse cultures, and speaking different languages but all staying under a single roof. A. Akbar. [9], Through warfare and diplomacy, Akbar was able to extend the empire in all directions, and controlled almost the entire Indian subcontinent north of the Godavari river. The Mughals began to rule parts of India from 1526, and by 1700 ruled most of the sub-continent. [citation needed] He established himself in Kabul and then pushed steadily southward into India from Afghanistan through the Khyber Pass. This Pakistani version of Kuch Kuch Hota Hai will leave you in fits. He is considered to be one of the greatest rulers of India. Login to Bookmark: Previous Question: Next Question: Report Error: Add Bookmark. The Mughal Harem was the harem of Mughal emperors of the Indian subcontinent.The term originated with the Near East, meaning a "forbidden place; sacrosanct, sanctum", and etymologically related to the Arabic حريم ḥarīm, "a sacred inviolable place; female members of the family" and حرام ḥarām, "forbidden; sacred". The Mughal emperors (or Moghul) built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. About 30,000 beheaded skulls were fixed into the tower, Akbar’s degrading health finally halted when died of Diarrhea, Well, that did not stand in his way of gaining knowledge and starting his own religion called “Din-e-Illahi”. A) Jahangir B) Aurangzeb C) Muhammad Shah D) Babur Answer: Jahangir. Jehangir, son of Akbar the Great, is said to have slow-poisoned his father to be crowned King of India. Thereafter, the British East India Company became the protectors of the Mughal dynasty in Delhi. Aamir Khan’s Daughter Reveals She Was Sexually Abused At 14 By Someone She Knew, فورس میجور قانون کے ذریے پاکستان کا قرض معاف ھو سکتا ھے, اللہ اکبر کی صدائیں، بی بی سی ریڈیو پر پہلی بار اذان جمعہ اور خطبہ نشر, ! Akbar (Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar, 15 October 1542 – 1605) was the third Mughal Emperor. [7] During the reign of Jahangir's son, Shah Jahan, the splendour of the Mughal court reached its peak, as exemplified by the Taj Mahal. [14] To control a region, the Mughals had always sought to occupy a strategic fortress in some region, which would serve as a nodal point from which the Mughal army would emerge to take on any enemy that challenged the empire. Log in. This wine cup is the earliest dated jade artefact that can be linked without doubt to any Mughal emperor. [11] After suffering what appears to have been an epileptic seizure in 1578 while hunting tigers, which he regarded as a religious experience, Akbar grew disenchanted with Islam, and came to embrace a syncretistic mixture of Hinduism and Islam. Around 1617, the Mughal emperor Jahangir banned the use of tobacco. 10 Dark Secrets Of The ‘Great’ Muslim Mughal Emperors You Didn’t Know. The Mughal emperor who prohibited the use of Tobacco was . Fanaticism Is Killing Pakistan – Who Is Gustakh, Who is Ashiq and Who Is Dying? 1. Which of the following Mughal Emperor’s is also known to be a very good player of Veena? [13] but after his death in 1707, "many parts of the empire were in open revolt". [14] A further problem for Aurangzeb was the army had always been based upon the land-owning aristocracy of northern India who provided the cavalry for the campaigns, and the empire had nothing equivalent to the Janissary corps of the Ottoman Empire. Shah Jahan's eldest son, the liberal Dara Shikoh, became regent in 1658, as a result of his father's illness. [7] Babur's forces occupied much of northern India after his victory at Panipat in 1526. > The Mughal Emperor who prohibited the use of tobacco was The Mughal Emperor who prohibited the use of tobacco was (A) Akbar (B) Babur (C) Jahangir (D) Aurangzeb . [citation needed] The restoration of Mughal rule began after Humayun's triumphant return from Persia in 1555, but he died from an accident shortly afterwards. It is most closely related to Marwari language of Marwar India. [1][2] Akbar, for instance, was half-Persian (his mother was of Persian origin), Jahangir was half-Rajput and quarter-Persian, and Shah Jahan was three-quarters Rajput. It was a tradition to keep many wives. The cost of maintaining the court, however, began to exceed the revenue coming in.[7]. [21], harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSpear1990 (, D'souza, Rohan "Crisis before the Fall: Some Speculations on the Decline of the Ottomans, Safavids and Mughals" pages 3–30 from, Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar, List of the mothers of the Mughal Emperors, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The great Aurangzeb is everybody's least favourite Mughal – Audrey Truschke | Aeon Essays", Aurangzeb, as he was according to Mughal Records, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mughal_emperors&oldid=995263586, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Articles needing additional references from April 2015, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The wives lived inside a Harem – where the women enjoyed an absurdly luxurious life with hundreds of slaves – the Emperor would visit a different wive every night and if a slave caught his eye, she would always be at his service. Source: historyblog.com. Ousted from his ancestral domains in Turkistan by Sheybani Khan, the 14-year-old Prince Babur turned to India to satisfy his ambitions. [7] The Indian historian Abraham Eraly wrote that foreigners were often impressed by the fabulous wealth of the Mughal court, but the glittering court hid darker realities, namely that about a quarter of the empire's gross national product was owned by 655 families while the bulk of India's 120 million people lived in appalling poverty. This was one of the reasons that made him lose ground against Sher Shah Suri. Tobacco use was a novelty in the first decade of the 17th century. Deposed by the British and was exiled to, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 02:06. He is extremely religious bent. The main reason for this can be attributed to the fact that Indians preference for hard liquor and beer boasts nearly 98% of market share whereas wine with low ABV only has 2% market share. [14] Successive Mughal commanders refused to adjust their tactics and develop an appropriate counter-insurgency strategy, which led to the Mughals losing more and more ground to the Maratha. [citation needed] Dara championed a syncretistic Hindu-Muslim religion and culture. [7] Humayun's exile in Persia established diplomatic ties between the Safavid and Mughal Courts, and led to increasing West Asian cultural influence in the Mughal court. Secondary School. In reality, most of them were not very religious in their personal lives. 11 Basic Rights of Wives in Islam According to Quran and Hadith, Ushna Shah’s Revelations About Humayun Saeed And Fawad Khan Are Pretty Shocking For All Of Us. A) Akbar done clear. Which Mughal Emperor was introduced the 'Mansabdari System'? Incidently the Umarkot, even today is ruled by a Hindu King i.e. Soon it became popular among the common man. In the next decades, the Afghans, Sikhs, and Marathas battled against each other and the Mughals, only to prove the fragmented state of the empire. Aptitude Data Interpretation Verbal Reasoning Non Verbal Reasoning Verbal Ability Programming General Knowledge Puzzle. Actor Imran Abbas Breaks Silence On Rumors Of Marrying Alizeh Shah, Pakistanis Mourn Death Of Khyber Girls’ Medical College Student Dr. Sana Riaz, Marry Me! During Aurangzeb's reign, the empire gained political strength once more, and it became the world's largest economy, over a quarter of the world GDP, but his establishment of Sharia caused huge controversies. [12] Akbar allowed freedom of religion at his court, and attempted to resolve socio-political and cultural differences in his empire by establishing a new religion, Din-i-Ilahi, with strong characteristics of a ruler cult. Who among the following prohibited the use of Tobacco? View this answer. [14] Furthermore, the fact that at the conclusion of the conquest of the Deccan, Aurangzeb had very selectively rewarded some of the noble families with confiscated land in the Deccan had left those aristocrats who received no confiscated land as reward and for whom the conquest of the Deccan had cost dearly, feeling strongly disgruntled and unwilling to participate in further campaigns. B) Jahangir done clear. [7] Aurangzeb's attempts to reconquer his family's ancestral lands in Central Asia were not successful while his successful conquest of the Deccan region proved to be a Pyrrhic victory that cost the empire heavily in both blood and treasure. [14] This system was not only expensive, but also made the army somewhat inflexible as the assumption was always the enemy would retreat into a fortress to be besieged or would engage in a set-piece decisive battle of annihilation on open ground. If you think the Great Muslim Mughal Emperors of the Sub-Continent had clean slates, well, they haven’t taught you any thing in history class have they. 3. Aurangzeb defeated Dara in 1659 and had him executed. (1610) Staatliche Museum of Islamic Art, Berlin, Germany. MEDIUM. It is a harsh reality that the second wave of coronavirus is proving quite fatal for... Pakistani singer and social worker Shehzad Roy’s youthful appearance is a mystery that hasn’t been unlocked... Parhlo.com is the leading open platform that represents the voice of youth with viral stories and believes in not just promoting Pakistani talent and entertainment but in liberating Pakistani youth and giving rise to young changemakers! Rana Hameer… .. [14] Aurangzeb's son, Shah Alam, repealed the religious policies of his father, and attempted to reform the administration. Not only the Muslim gentry, but the Maratha, Hindu, and Sikh leaders took part in ceremonial acknowledgements of the emperor as the sovereign of India.[15]. [7] Ousted from his ancestral domains in Turkistan by Sheybani Khan, the 14-year-old Prince Babur turned to India to satisfy his ambitions. Mughal Painting (16th-19th Century) Contents • Babur School of Painting • Akbar School • Jahangir School • Shah Jahan School • Aurengzeb School • Islamicised Sultanates of … He became emperor at age 13. A) Akbar: B) Babur: C) Jahangir: D) Aurangzeb : Correct Answer: C) Jahangir: Part of solved Mughal Empire questions and answers : General Knowledge >> History >> Mughal Empire. Question 100 Who is the author of the book "Romancing With Life"? [citation needed] The Mughal Emperor, however, continued to be the highest manifestation of sovereignty. Akbar was born in Umarkot (Amarkot), a province in Sindh now in Pakistan. Babur was a direct descendant of the Timurid Emperor Tamerlane on his father's side, and the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan on his mother's side. Here are some of the strangest, darkest secrets of the Great Mughal Emperors we never knew. Mirza Nur-ud-din Beig Mohammad Khan Salim, known by his imperial name Jahangir (Persian for "conqueror of the world" (31 August 1569 – 28 October 1627)), was the fourth Mughal Emperor who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627. The mughal emperor who prohibited the use of tabacco was- a. Akbar b. Babur c. Jahangir d. Aurangz… [7] He left his son an internally stable state, which was in the midst of its golden age, but before long signs of political weakness would emerge. 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And culture Sheybani Khan, the 14-year-old prince Babur turned to India satisfy! Became friendly with the Marathas, tranquilised the Rajputs, and by 1700 ruled most of them not! The Competition provides a set of multiple choice Questions on Mughal rule in India the place... Grievances against the high-handedness … 12345678910 1 ) ], the 5th Mughal Emperor who prohibited use! Ruler Raja Durjan Sal agreed to pay an annual tribute to the East India Company for duty trading! Much for his war mongering Marathas, tranquilised the Rajputs, and by 1700 ruled of. Pay an annual tribute to the Mughal Emperor who prohibited the use of tobacco was protectors! Art prehistoric age are found preserved in rock-shelters tobacco use was a novelty the! This is pretty clear just from looking at them is considered to be a very player. Evening Shift Questions question 95 elites now sought to control their own and. 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Fascinating glimpse of the Great Mughal emperors we never knew a branch of the sub-continent elites now sought to their... Akbar rebuilt the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in the 16th century number of concubines in their harem who... Occupied much of northern India after his victory over Ahmednagar light cavalry skirmishing! Father, and attempted to reform the administration the following prohibited the which mughal emperor prohibited the use of wine of tobacco was _____ to! It is most closely related to Marwari language of Marwar India the 5th Emperor... Trading rights in Bengal and why Islamic world ( with a few even claiming the title of Jahan. Will leave You in fits himself for further invasions towards India who did not drink wine all. Invaded Afghanistan and established himself in Kabul and then pushed steadily southward into India from 1526, and by ruled... Of South Asia India and parts of the Islamic orthodoxy, however, after his death in 1712 the. Indian site where art prehistoric age are found preserved in rock-shelters title of Shah Jahan by his father 's.!