This is due to its plasticizer content. Density. Flexible PVC is a soft, flexible material that ranges in appearance from transparent to opaque. A highly versatile polymer, PVC is compatible with many additives. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a popular thermoplastic that's odorless, solid, brittle, and generally white in color. GENERAL. Flexible PVC. Polyvinyl Chloride or also known as PVC comes in two basic forms. It is most commonly used in pipe and fittings. It has a high strength-to-weight ratio and is a good electrical and thermal insulator. POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC) PROPERTIES PVC is the most widely used member of the vinyl family. In fact, vinyl films are widely used in refrigeration units. TPO & Santoprene™- Emergency Relief Shelter Component, PVC & Flexible PVC - Co-extruded Reversable Wire conduit, Santoprene™ - Expansion Joint for construction, United Plastics Components Launches Video, Wide range of flexibility possible with varying levels of plasticizer. Thermal Conductivity HDPE: HDPE has a large value for strength-to-density ratio, and its density ranges from 0.93 g cm-3 to 0.97 g cm-3. By adjusting the type and amount of plasticizers, plastic molders can achieve a large range of flexible compositions. This solid form can then be modified with the addition of fillers and plasticisers depending on the task at hand. So if your film will only be exposed to a heat environment below 60C/140F, flexible PVC film is a good choice. Flexible PVC offers a number of advantages, such as. PVC, Rigid Rigid PVC Resin Properties & Uses. PVC's chemical structure of Chlorine polar groups and its amorphous nature allow it to mix easily with many different substances. Also, it is an important tool used to modify physical properties of polymer molecules. Hardness, Rockwell 110-120 ASTM D785. DEHP is used in PVC for applications like blood bags, intravenous bags, flexible tubing, catheters, and protective gloves. Offered in a wide range from rubbery soft to semi-rigid, Flexible PVC is widely used for plastic profile extrusions because of … Fire Properties of Polyvinyl Chloride | 5 Results from this test for some materials are shown in Table 7. Common Names: PVC (polyvinyl chloride) Temperature Range. Hardness: Rigid PVC is very hard. A frequent method of processing PVC involves the suspension of solid particles of the polymer in an appropriate plasticizer. Box 490 Eagle, Wisconsin 53119, © 2020 Plastic Molded Concepts, Inc. ... Second is flexible forms that mostly used in cable insulation, ... Properties of PVC Plastic. Please Note: PMC does not sell the material listed below. Flexibility can be increased over a wide range by adding varying amounts of several plasticizers such as dioctyl phthalate. Its properties are usually categorized based on rigid and flexible PVCs. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is one of the earliest industrialized plastic. Material Notes: This property data is a summary of similar materials in the MatWeb database for the category "PVC, Extruded". In general results for rigid PVC range from 10 to 25 (which usually meets the needed requirements) while flexible PVC materials can have higher radiant panel index results, typically ranging up to 50. The symbol for polyvinyl chloride developed by the Society of the Plastics Industry so that items can be labeled for easy recycling is: Properties. Rigid PVC can be offered in clear, opaque, weather resistant, high tensile strength and impact resistant formulations that are easily machined. It's currently ranked as the third most widely used plastic in the world (behind polyethylene and polypropylene). Unmodified polyvinylchloride is a very rigid thermoplastic. Knowledge of its properties is important in understanding if PVC has the strength for use in a specific application. PVC is manufactured with plasticizers, which confer rubbery properties on the end product. Examples of flexible PVC products requiring transparency are wrap films, transparent bags and coating films. Flexible PVC film starts to soften at 60C/140F. To avoid improper resin selection, Contact PMC for additional help in determining the exact engineering resin required for your application. It has a very low tensile strength and a moderately high ductility among thermoplastics. Hazen-Williams Factor C=150. PVC offers excellent corrosion and weather resistance. PVC Properties. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products are 100% recyclable physically, chemically and energetically. flexible PVC suitable for food packaging to keep meat and other perishable produce fresh (when FDA approved). 1. Depending on additives used in manufacturing with PVC, many qualities can be imbued in products including anti-mist, different colors, elasticity, fire retarding, flexibility, impact resistance and microbe prevention. PVC has been used extensively in a wide range of construction products for over half a century. The films were conditioned according to ASTM D 882 and then tested following the ASTM methods indicated in Tables II–IV. It was the 1950s when PVC started to replace rubber insulated and sheathed cables in general household wiring due to its ease of processing. Does flexible PVC film have good electrical properties? To avoid improper resin selection, Contact PMC for additional help in determining the exact engineering resin required for your application. Standard physical properties including tensile strength, elongation, toughness, modulus, tear resistance, and barrier characteristics were evaluated for all films. Pipe, extruded wire covering, toys, bottles, door and window components, film and fabric coatings. These materials have many of the same properties as vulcanized rubber, but can be molded and extruded using conventional thermoplastic process equipment. Rigid PVC products that have high transparency are used in construction materials such as day-lighting, transparent partitions for clean rooms, or industrial flat plates, corrugated panels. However, plasticized PVC has a lower melting point, is less resistant to chemicals, and has a lower ultimate tensile strength than rigid vinyl. It’s not as resistant to high temperatures, but it excels in low temperature applications. They are soft and flexible in nature; their Tgs are less than room temperature. Visit the IDES database for detailed specifications. Common applications in which Flexible PVC is used include: Plastic Molded Concepts, Inc. P.O. PVC is also self-extinguishing per UL flammability tests. Contact Us  |  Privacy Policy, Please Note: PMC does not sell the material listed below. Plasticized (Flexible) Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC-P) PVC-P is a thermoplastic, further classified as a polyvinyl plastic. A frequent method of processing PVC involves the suspension of solid particles of the polymer in an appropriate plasticizer. Strength: Rigid PVC has extremely good tensile strength. Properties of PVC and HDPE. Usage of PVC has grown steadily since its introduction in the early 1930s to become a very widely used plastic in a myriad of uses from films and mouldings to extruded pipe. They are also used in packaging (blisters). Other types of PVC are called CPVC (PVC-C) (chlorinated PVC), which has a higher chlorine content and oriented PVC (PVC-O) which is PVC-U where the molecules are preferentially aligned in a particular direction. PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, is a common thermoplastic and has uses in a variety of applications. Some of the most significant properties of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) are: Density: PVC is very dense compared to most plastics (specific gravity around 1.4) Economics: PVC is readily available and cheap. Figure 1.Polyvinyl Chloride structure PVC is a white, brittle solid available in powder form or granules, formed through an addition polymerisationreaction between vinyl chloride monomers (Figure 1). Value Test Method. Tensile Strength: 2.60 N/mm2; Elongation: 100-400%; Notched Impact Strength: 2.0-45 Kj/m2; Thermal Coefficient of expansion: 80 x 10-6; Density 1.38 g/cm3 Flexible or plasticised PVC compounds, with a wide range of properties, can also be produced by the addition of plasticisers. Key mechanical properties include tensile, flex, compression and impact. Please Note: PMC does not sell the material listed below. See also polyvinyl chloride/vinylidene chloride. Plasticized or Flexible PVC (Density: 1.1-1.35 g/cm3): Flexible PVC is formed by the addition of compatible plasticizers to PVC which lower the crystallinity. 24hrs @ 25°C.05 ASTM D570. This suspension, a "plastisol," is then heated resulting in a homogenous system which becomes a flexible solid upon cooling. Cell Classification 12454 ASTM D1784. PVC: RPVC (1.3–1.45 g cm-3) is denser than FPVC (1.1–1.35 g cm-3). PVC is a thermoplastic polymer. AuroraFlex™ SBS and SEBS compounds utilize multiple TPE/TPR chemistries to impart high-performance properties for durability and easy processing. Its current output is outranked only by polyethylene, since it exhibits corrosion resistance and good insulation properties for many purposes. We only use the material list to inform visitors that we are experienced in processing these materials for many fine products. FLEXIBLE. Applications include: Identifying the Tg of polymers is often used for quality control and research and development. PVC has excellent resistance to water and aqueous solutions, but it is attacked severely by stronger solvents such as aromatic hydrocarbons, ketones, esters and chlorinated solvents. PVC's inherent flame retardant and excellent electrical insulation properties make it ideal for cabling applications. Recently discovered health hazards due to extended exposure to the vinyl chloride monomer have resulted in strict production controls. Several alloys and copolymers are possible with PVC, including styrene and acrylonitrile. PVC comes in two forms (rigid PVC – RPVC and flexible PVC – FPVC), and some of their properties slightly vary. Flexible PVC is a vinyl polymer. Rigid PVC has an oxygen index of 45-50, compared to 21-22 for wood and 17-18 for most thermoplastics. Due to DEHP's unique properties, cost-effectiveness, and versatility, it can be used to tailor the properties of the products from soft and flexible to strong and tough. PVC is manufactured with plasticizers, which confer rubbery properties on the end product. By adjusting the type and amount of plasticizers, plastic molders can achieve a large range of flexible compositions. Overview of materials for PVC, Extruded Categories: Polymer; Thermoplastic; Vinyl (PVC); PVC, Extruded. Oxygen index values above 27 can easily be attained with flexible PVC. PVC is the only general purpose plastic that allows free, wide and seamless adjustment of the required physical properties of products such as flexibility, elasticity, and impact resistance, by adding plasticisers, additives, and modifiers. We only use the material list to inform visitors that we are experienced in processing  these materials for many fine products. PVC is widely used in a number of industries and fields, including construction, furniture, automobile and medical applications. Low Temperature Usage: -40 degrees C | 5 degrees C; High Temperature Usage: 60°C | 140°F; Tensile Strength. What are the Characteristics of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)? The significance of this is that most rigid and flexible PVC will not burn alone without the … PVC is most commonly used in plumbing and drainage applications, although it's also sold in the form of pellets or as resin in its powder form. What is the heat resistance of flexible PVC film and sheets? Figure 2.Compari… Flexibility can be increased over a wide range by adding varying amounts of several plasticizers such as dioctyl phthalate. There are, therefore, many different PVC products available with varying additive compositions and properties. The softer the film, the more plasticizer, the lower temp it melts at. PVC's strong, lightweight, durable and versatile characteristics make it ideal for window profiles. Flexible PVC is a soft, flexible material that ranges in appearance from transparent to opaque. Water Absorption % increase. Poisson's Ratio @ 73°F.410. PVC Pipe. Physical Properties of. Color white, dark gray. 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